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Hoosier Pattern

The Hoosier pattern is quite under represented by numbers in the axe world. They definitely were not the most frequently manufactured, though a number of producers had them represented in their catalog. The pattern in defined by symmetry and may worn heads of other patterns may end up looking “Hoosier-esque” The poll is large and defined and is generally noted as flat, rather than curved. The poll and height are average, with the cheeks tapering per norms to the bit. The bit is wide, as the toe and heel progress outward symmetrically. Both edges of the head are concave to the same degree, making the edges relatively identical.      

      The Hoosier pattern was likely being produced before 1870 by a Mr. Michael Zeeck of New Madison, Ohio, but was pointed out by marketing efforts in the early 1880s. The concern of Johnson Bros and Leeper, formed as a hardware and dry goods dealer by William C. Johnson, George B. Johnson and William B. Leeper, bought out the Hardware business of Halliday and Smith in Cincinnati, Ohio around the year 1880. In efforts to market their goods and advance their products, they trademarked several tool logos, the “Zeeck Pattern Axe” being one of these (Trademark 10,131. March 20th 1883). The Zeeck’s popularity, and odd name, assisted in making the Hoosier Pattern better well known and possibly more widespread.

(As always, please remember that there is significant variance in the patterns made by different manufacturers, and this description is merely a guide for assistance in identification.)

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